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Social justice groups call for urgent ban on evictions during coronavirus crisis

By | Eviction news, Homeless
Social justice groups call for urgent ban on evictions during coronavirus crisis

The North Gauteng High Court has ordered the Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Police Department (EMPD) and the City of Ekurhuleni to stop evicting land occupiers in Tembisa without a court order. This comes after the EMPD demolished their shacks without an eviction order numerous times since August 2018. Archive photo: Zoë Postman

Those facing evictions have an added layer of vulnerability to the health risks posed by Covid-19.

A group of 27 social justice organisations has issued an urgent call for a moratorium on evictions during the Covid-19 state of disaster, raising concerns that evictions would lead to “displacement and homelessness” as the virus spreads across the country.

Last Sunday, President Cyril Ramaphosa declared a national state of disaster following an increase in the number of Covid-19 cases in the country. As of Saturday, the total number of cases in South Africa stood at 202.

The letter from the group of social justice movements was addressed to the Presidency’s Covid-19 national command council, Health Minister Zweli Mkhize, the Office of the Chief Justice and the SA Board of Sheriffs. Other ministers listed in the letter were that of home affairs, human settlements, rural development and land reform, and police.

“Those facing evictions have an added layer of vulnerability to the health risks posed by Covid-19 where eviction would lead to homelessness,” the groups said.

“Urgent attention must be given to those who have nowhere else to go; those facing life on the streets and those in emergency alternative accommodation living in conditions that could foster the spread of Covid-19.”

The groups said a moratorium on evictions would follow examples set by New York State, San Francisco, Los Angeles, Spain and other cities and states around the world in response to Covid-19.

They said that the national command council had the authority to place a moratorium on evictions because of the powers granted to it as a result of the declaration of a state of disaster.

In terms of the law, the relevant ministers are empowered to:

“take any other steps that may be necessary to address, prevent an escalation of the national state of disaster, or to alleviate, contain and minimise the effects of the national state of disaster”.

Consequences of not imposing a moratorium ‘will be dire’

“President Cyril Ramaphosa in his address on 15 March 2020 advised the nation to take certain precautions to curb the spread of Covid-19. Yet, it is unfortunate that those actions presupposed a level of privilege and access to basic amenities that many do not have,” the organisations said.

“Groups experiencing heightened vulnerability include people living in informal settlements with strained (if any) access to communal basic services, people living in occupied buildings, people living on commercial farms, homeless people and those facing homelessness and displacements as a result of evictions (both legal and illegal).

“One cannot practice physical distancing should you find yourself and your belongings on the side of the road or in an open space and exposed to the public with no means of protection.

“One cannot practice a heightened level of hygiene by washing hands in the recommended manner where the only access to water is a communal standpipe and shared ablution facilities in an informal settlement or in a transitional relocation area.

“The consequences of not imposing a moratorium on evictions during the declared state of disaster will be dire.

“It cannot be disputed that the lack of stable housing is a major barrier to being healthy. In the context of a crisis of unknown proportions, housing is more important now than ever before and the state must take measures to prioritise protecting the most vulnerable by preventing evictions and homelessness.

“Research worldwide has shown that homelessness is closely linked to exposure to infectious diseases, specifically respiratory illnesses such as tuberculosis and immunodeficiency.”

The groups said that informal settlements face a disproportionate Covid-19 threat due to poor sanitation and a higher incidence of infections and conditions.

The stress of facing an eviction and of threatened displacement would further contribute to the risk of contracting Covid-19, they warned.

They said that the authorities concerned, including the judiciary and its relevant arms, should issue directives giving effect to a moratorium on evictions.

The groups concerned are:

  • Ndifuna Ukwazi
  • Reclaim the City
  • Abahlali baseMjondolo
  • Socio-Economic Rights Institute of SA
  • Association for Rural Advancement
  • Land Access Movement of South Africa
  • Land and Accountability Research Centre
  • Women’s Legal Centre
  • Land Network National Engagement Strategy of South Africa
  • Social Justice Coalition
  • Alliance for Rural Democracy
  • Institute for Poverty, Land and Agrarian Studies
  • Centre for Applied Legal Studies
  • Nkuzi Development Association
  • Equal Education
  • Centre for Environmental Rights
  • Studies in Poverty and Inequality Institute
  • Lawyers for Human Rights
  • ProBono.Org
  • Alternative Information Development Centre
  • Progressive Community Movement
  • South Durban Community Environmental Alliance
  • Poor Flat Dwellers Movements
  • Legal Resources Centre
  • Dullah Omar Institute
  • Section 27
  • Stellenbosch Backyarders Forum

Source: News 24 as featured by the Citizen (emphasis by SD Law*)

*SD Law, Simon Dippenaar & Associates Inc., is a private law firm, of specialist eviction lawyers, offering eviction services to both landlords and tenants, across South Africa, particularly in Cape Town, Johannesburg, and Durban.

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Evicted Durban residents say City had no court order

By | Eviction news, Homeless

Dozens left homeless after shacks demolished on Sunday

Photo of shack
Zamokwakhe Hlongwa stands next to what remains of his shack. Photo: Musa Binda

Forty-five people were left without homes when the eThekwini Municipality’s anti-land invasion unit demolished 24 shacks in Daytona River Village informal settlement in Lamontville, in the south of Durban on Sunday.

Zamokwakhe Hlongwa has lived in the informal settlement for the past four years. He said he lost almost everything during the demolition.

He said he was less worried about finding shelter than where he would get money to buy food for his two small children for the next ten or so days. He only gets paid on the last day of the month.

“They mixed all my food during their heartless demolition. I found rice mixed with maize meal and flour. I had to throw it away because it was messed up,” said Hlongwa.

He said he was home when the demolition took place. But everything happened so quickly.

“My fiancé was bathing when they stormed the informal settlement, she had to grab a towel and cover her body and run out of the shack. As a result all our belongings were left inside the shack,” said Hlongwa. This is why his goods and food were damaged.

He added that his children were not going to school because their uniforms had been torn.

Lunga Mgwaba has lived in the informal settlement for eight years. He said he was not home when the demolition took place. He had gone to deliver the products he sells to a nearby township.

He said he got a call from one of the shack dwellers telling him to stop what he was doing wherever he was and rush back to the informal settlement because the demolition had started.

“I was so lucky that they did not start near my shack. I called my brother who lives a few kilometres away and we packed my belongings in a van and drove off. Even though my shack was demolished and the material [it was made out of] was destroyed, my belongings were saved,” said Mgwaba.

The settlement was established in 2002 and the first demolition took place on 7 May 2019, a day before the general election. Residents claimed they were not given any court order, and they could not understand why the demolition was taking place only now.

Mqapheli Bonono, the provincial chairperson of housing movement Abahlali BaseMjondolo, said: “As usual there was no court order for this eviction and it was therefore an illegal and criminal act by the municipality.”

Bonono suspects the demolition took place because some residents recently joined Abahlali. “We suspect that the gangster administration, eThekwini Municipality, was angered by the shack dwellers’ decision to join our movement,” he said.

The municipality has not responded to questions sent on Monday.

Source: GroundUP by Musa Binda (emphasis by SDLAW*).

*Simon Dippenaar & Associates (SDLAW) are attorneys in Cape Town specialising in evictions. Now operating in Gauteng and Durban. Our specialist eviction lawyers assist both landlords and tenants with the eviction process, over residential, commercial and farm property across South Africa.

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