Gibson Mzizi, Melissa Mzizi’s husband, was attacked with an axe by a mob who forcefully evicted the family in Alexandra. (Chris Yelland)
An Alexandra resident, Melissa Mzizi, says the police are doing little to help her get her family’s RDP house back after a group of 40 people allegedly attacked her husband and occupied their home.
On Saturday, the group reportedly attacked the family in an attempt to kick them out of the home. Mzizi’s husband was taken to hospital after he was hit in the head with an axe.
Alexandra police have since arrested five people. The rest remain in the house.
Reprinted from News 24. By Azarrah Karrim 2019-09-23
If you have been wrongfully evicted or are experiencing harassment in your home, contact us for help. Simon Dippenaar & Associates Inc. (aka SDLAW) is alaw firm in Cape Town, now offering services in Johannesburg and Durban. We are expert eviction attorneys with deep experience in rental property and eviction law, and we uphold the rights of both parties without bias. Contact Simon on 086 099 5146 or email email@example.com to discuss your case in confidence.
Rental housing legislation
provides tenants with protection, whether or not there is a written lease
It’s not best practice, but it often happens that a landlord and tenant do not have a written lease agreement. In the digital age, when everything is captured online and on cell phones, it is understandable to assume this means there is no lease. However, the Rental Housing Act does not require a lease to be in writing, although it is strongly advised. A verbal agreement between the parties constitutes a lease agreement, even if that conversation consists of no more than a statement of the monthly rent and the amount of time the property may be occupied.
So when we talk about “no lease”, what we really mean is no written lease. And, although the tenant still has rights under the law, the absence of clarity surrounding the terms and conditions of the tenancy can lead to disputes and confusion. But it does not mean the eviction process is any less stringent.
One reason why a tenant might not have a lease
There are two scenarios in which the tenant might not have a
written rental agreement, and the eviction process is slightly different in
each case. The first is where the landlord and tenant have agreed the terms of
the occupancy informally, and perhaps shaken hands on the deal. They may be
friends or family
members with a harmonious enough relationship to consider
a legal document unnecessary, or the property may be a cottage in the garden of
a homeowner who takes an informal approach to letting it out. This won’t be
permitted for much longer, as we will come on to, but at present it is not
Another reason for no lease
The second scenario is where a lease has expired, but the tenant has the landlord’s permission to remain in the property on a month-to-month basis. In some countries this is called a “tenant-at-will”. This might occur because a tenant has purchased a property and is waiting on an entry date; or the property owner is planning to sell and does not want to commit to a lengthy lease period but is happy for the tenant to occupy the property while seeking alternative accommodation. Or there may be minor breaches to the lease that are not serious enough to cause the landlord to evict but nonetheless they do not wish to renew the lease. The tenant may be allowed a few extra months on a month-to-month basis to avoid homelessness while seeking alternative accommodation.
If a lease expires and the tenant continues to pay rent, and
the landlord continues to accept it, without spelling out the conditions noted
above, they have effectively created a new, implied lease. There are also
certain fixed-term leases that become implied month-to-month leases after
expiry, in terms of the Consumer
Protection Act (CPA). By law, the payment and acceptance
of rent after the official end of the lease implies that a new lease has been
Eviction with a verbal lease
The eviction process where
there is a verbal lease is identical to the process for a written lease. The Prevention
of Illegal Eviction Act from and Unlawful Occupation of Land Act, No 19 of 1998
(PIE Act) ensures that landlords follow a clearly defined set of actions, and
there must be due cause. No one can be evicted without reason or notice. There
must be a breach of the lease agreement. In the absence of a written document
setting out the conditions of the tenancy, the most common breach is
non-payment of rent. This is the one contractual obligation a tenant has that
cannot be disputed. Some landlords may be willing to forgive a late payment or
two, but this is a matter for personal discretion. Legally, if the rent is not
paid on the date it is due, a breach has occurred. In the first instance, the
tenant is given the opportunity to rectify the breach. The landlord serves
notice to the tenant to this effect, and then if the breach is not rectified,
the landlord can terminate the lease contract.
The landlord must give notice of the intention to evict the
tenant through the courts. The eviction order will give a date for a court
hearing, at which the tenant may offer a defence. If there is a valid defence,
a trial date will be set. In the absence of such a defence, the court issues a
warrant of eviction to the Sheriff. Note that only a Sheriff
is authorised to remove a tenant or a tenant’s possessions from a property.
Month-to-month or open-ended
The landlord must give the tenant “reasonable”
notice of termination of the lease. A calendar month’s notice will satisfy the
20 business days required by the CPA and is considered reasonable. There does
not have to be any breach of an agreement. If the tenant fails to vacate the
property at the end of the calendar month, as requested, then the landlord can
begin the eviction process described above.
Soon this advice will be irrelevant. The Rental Housing Amendment Act 35 of 2014 will require landlords to provide tenants with a written
lease agreement. Verbal agreements will no longer be binding. The Rental
Housing Amendment Act will apply immediately to new lease
agreements and landlords will have six months to bring existing agreements in
line with the new legislation. At the time of writing, the Act has not yet been
gazetted and a commencement date has not been announced. We will keep readers
of this blog informed.
If you are a tenant without
a written lease and would like to discuss your circumstances, or if you are a
landlord needing to draw up a formal lease
agreement, contact Simon on 086 099 5146 or email firstname.lastname@example.org to discuss your case in confidence. Eviction
lawyers Johannesburg and Cape Town are experts in rental
property and eviction law, and we uphold the rights of both parties without
The group occupying land in Makhaza plan to oppose their eviction in court on 9 September
Shack dwellers at Mpukwini informal settlement in Khayelitsha are preparing to square off with the municipality in court next month. They want the eviction order against them scrapped and the City of Cape Town to build them houses on the land.
About two weeks ago, the City’s anti-land invasion unit and law enforcement members demolished shacks belonging to residents who occupied the land in Makhaza. Residents at the time protested as their building materials were confiscated by officials.
Since then, many residents have rebuilt their homes on the land. The City has an urgent interim eviction order against anyone illegally occupying the land, but the occupiers are raising money for transport to collect some of their building materials from the City’s depot.
Mayco Member for Human Settlements Malusi Booi said that the City was “considering its options” on how to deal with the occupiers. Booi added that if the occupiers wanted to challenge their eviction, they needed to “show cause, if any” as to why the final order should not be granted on 9 September.
But community leader Bandile Kona said they were there to stay. “We don’t want to go anywhere else. We will stay here until the City of Cape Town builds RDP houses for us here.”
He said they were not concerned with the lack of basic services. “I had no other option but to rebuild because I had no place to stay and keep my belongings,” he said.
Samela Mene moved to Mpukwini from Island informal settlement, after her shack flooded during heavy rains. She said life was better at Mpukwini because it was closer to public transport and a crèche for her child.
Mene shares her small shack with her elderly mother and her children aged seven and three. “I’m waiting for the court to make a ruling on our occupation before I extend my shack so it can accommodate my whole family,” she said.
Another resident, Lelethu Mvumvu, whose shack was among those demolished, now squats in a shack with two relatives and their four children at Mpukwini. “I still struggle to raise the R500 that I must pay to law enforcement to get my building materials back,” she said.
On Saturday, an official who only identified himself as Gautanu from the Anti-Land Invasion Unit visited the settlement to warn resident against building more shacks.
“If you build more shacks, your belongings and building materials will be taken away to the scrap yard,” he told residents in the presence of GroundUp. “Whenever there is a new structure, we will take it away along with the furniture. The judge told you not to build more shacks,” he said.